Toy Safety Regulation

Overview of European Toys Industry

Toys represent an article with a significant retail market in the EU of €14.234 billion (video games excluded). It is clearly dominated by import (about 80% of all traditional toys) from Asia, mainly China. EU production is only relevant in the specialized sector of high quality products.

Toys are manufactured globally and Asia is the leading supplier of toys to EU with 97.6% of the total import; over 90% of all toys on the European market originated from China in 2007. The value of imports from other countries was €6.983 billion for traditional toys while video games account for €4.617 billion out of a total import value of €11.600 billion.

SVHC Chemicals generally used in Toys Industries

Due to the vulnerable user group (children) that may be in close contact with the article, toys are subject to product specific legislation concerning hazardous substances and the market is extensively surveyed. Surveillance results show that multiple hazardous substances are abundant in toys and their materials. Please see the text box where the example of cuddly toys is given to explain the REACH implication on toys industry

S. No. Substance Name EC No. CAS No. Application areas
1 Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) 201-622-7 85-68-7 Balls for Playing and Sport, Dolls and Accessories, Material for Parlour Games, Toy Cars, Toys of Plastic and metal
2 Bis (2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) 204-211-0 117-81-7 Balls for Playing and Sport, Dolls and Accessories, Material for Parlour Games, Toy Cars, Toys of Plastic and metal
3 Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) 201-557-4 84-74-2 Balls for Playing and Sport, Dolls and Accessories, Material for Parlour Games, Toy Cars, Toys of Plastic and metal
4 Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) 247-148-4 25637-99-4 Balls for Playing and Sport, Dolls and Accessories, Material for Parlour Games, Toy Cars, Toys of Plastic and metal
5 Lead chromate molybdate sulphate red (C.I. Pigment Red 104) 235-759-9 12656-85-8 Balls for Playing and Sport, Dolls and Accessories, Material for Parlour Games, Toy Cars, Toys of Plastic and metal
6 Lead sulfochromate yellow (C.I. Pigment Yellow 34) 215-693-7 1344-37-2 Balls for Playing and Sport, Dolls and Accessories, Material for Parlour Games, Toy Cars, Toys of Plastic and metal
7 Sodium dichromate 234-190-3 10588-01-9 Balls for Playing and Sport, Dolls and Accessories, Material for Parlour Games, Toys of Plastic and metal
8 Tris(2-chloroethyl)phosphate 204-118-5 115-96-8 Balls for Playing and Sport, Dolls and Accessories, Material for Parlour Games, Toys of Plastic and metal
9 Potassium dichromate 231-906-6 7778-50-9 Balls for Playing and Sport, Dolls and Accessories, Material for Parlour Games, Toys of Plastic and metal